Although referred to as the "Dead Sea", this sea and also the complete region on its shore is very much alive. The dead Sea lies some 1300 ft (400 m) below sea level at the lowest point on the earth's surface, and is often a portion of the Syrian - East Africa Rift Valley, flanked by the Judean Mountains towards the west and the Moab mountains to the east.
The Dead Sea is among the most saline lakes in the globe, possessing a salt content of ten times more than the Mediterranean and three times more than the Great Salt Lake. It is actually fed primarily by River Jordan inside the north and by perennial springs and streams from the east and west. Having no outlet, the Dead sea is often a "terminal lake" which loses big amounts of water by evaporation into the hot dry air. This results in high concentrations of salts and minerals in a exceptional composition that's especially wealthy in chloride salts of magnesium, sodium, potassium, calcium, bromine and numerous others. The Dead Sea brine's chemical composition reflects erosion, also as the recycling of older deposits.
Leaching of minerals from the geological strata also contributes to the Dead Sea brine and to several thermomineral springs along its shores. Additionally, alluvial deposits form the considerably valued Dead Sea mineral mud, also recognized as Dead Sea therapeutic black mud.
The uniqueness of the Dead Sea has been known for centuries. This is the only location within the globe with this certain combination of exclusive spa positive aspects: peculiar sun radiation and climatic conditions, enriched oxygen atmosphere, mineral-rich salt sea, thermomineral springs, and mineral-rich mud.
In days of old, Dead Sea water and salt were imported to Italy by Roman nobles. Judean asphalt, the bituminous substance rising towards the surface of the lake, was employed for many industrial and medicinal purposes. Plants growing in lakeside oases, specifically the balsam tree, produced beneficial and extremely sought-after cosmetics, perfumes and medicinal substances. Their value had been of such great economic importance that wars were fought for their possession, as when Mark Anthony conquered the Dead Sea location for Cleopatra.
Right now, the Dead Sea Works is really a significant industrial complex which for a lot of decades has extracted potash, bromine and other chemicals for worldwide exports.
The Dead Sea region delivers fascinating biblical, archeological and historical sites: like the mountain fortress of Masada; Qumran, where the well-known Dead Sea Scrolls had been discovered in ancient pottery jars: Ein Gedi, where David identified refuge from King Saul: plus the first monasteries of the Christian monks inside the Judean Desert. Natural sites incorporate the caves and eases of Ein Gedi; the canyons with the Judean Desert; Mount Sdom, an 11 mile lengthy mountain range produced of pure salt; along with the spectacular Flour Cave, so-called because of its powder-like interior. For the adventurous there is rappelling, rock climbing, and rental of All Terrain Vehicles for exploring otherwise inaccessible desert areas.
In current years, the Dead Sea location has turned into a wellness, rehabilitation, recreation and beauty spa. The combination with the year-round favorable climate, the thriving well being and beauty centers, and also the one of a kind natural and historical tourist attractions, attract both vacationers and health-cure visitors from about the planet. Contemporary facilities and hotels line the shore.
As a wellness spa, the Dead Sea presents patients a chance to treat several ailments while enjoying the feeling of well-being that is a significant part of the treatment. Quite a few visitors return year immediately after year for long-term relief.
The Exclusive Minerals of the Dead Sea
The Dead Sea, contrary to its name, offers the benefit of a total of 26 minerals and compounds that help your skin come alive. In fact, 12 of the minerals are exclusive to the Dead Sea, and cannot be found at any other place on earth! They are all listed below, along with their main skin health enhancing qualities:
BICARBONATE: Plays a major role in maintaining a healthy pH balance.
BORON: Plays a crucial role in maintaining trans-membrane functionality.
BROMIDE: Stimulates the skin's natural repair process; acts as a natural antibiotic; helps relieve the discomfort associated with skin disorders.
CALCIUM: Strengthens cell membranes; aids skin cell metabolism; essential for healing wounds and preventing infection; helps cleanse pores.
CHLORINE: Vital for proper cell metabolism.
CHROMIUM: Promotes healthy skin and a healthy circulatory system.
COBALT: Has beneficial properties, as it comprises a part of vitamin B12, which is essential for human health.
COPPER: Plays an important in role in forming elastin and collagen, which are essential for healthy, supple skin; promotes the health of cell membranes; plays a part in skin pigmentation.
FLOURINE: Promotes healthy skin and nails.
IODINE: Essential for maintaining the water balance necessary for cell metabolism, absorption of nourishment and removal of waste products.
IRON: Promotes a healthy skin tone.
MAGNESIUM: A building block for the skin's structural elements and for enzymes that control the skin's metabolism; protects cell membranes; a low level of magnesium is associated with accelerated skin aging.
MANGANESE: Increases the production of antioxidants; insufficient levels of manganese may lead to dermatitis.
MOLYBDENUM: An antioxidant, necessary in high concentration in the skin for proper cell function.
NICKEL: Necessary for proper membrane metabolism and integrity.
PHOSPHORUS: Play a role in tissue growth and repair.
POTASSIUM: Regulates the transfer of nutrients through cell membranes; helps prevent the formation of free radicals; helps prevent acne.
SELENIUM: An antioxidant that protects cell membranes; important for maintaining tissue elasticity; protects against dry skin and dandruff; low levels of selenium are associated with premature aging, eczema and psoriasis.
SILICA: Promotes the formation of collagen; improves skin elasticity and thickness.
SILICON: Important for maintaining proper skin thickness and strength, as well as for the production of collagen.
SODIUM: Helps fight free radicals formed in the skin; mitigates skin aging.
STRONTIUM: Plays a role in connective tissue formation, reduces sensory irritation such as stinging, burning, itching, and inflammation.
SULFUR: Important for collagen synthesis and for healthy skin keratinization.
VANADIUM: Necessary for maintaining proper cellular metabolism.
ZINC: An antioxidant, aids in tissue repair and wound healing; plays an important role in the formation collagen; helps prevent dermatitis and outbreaks of acne. A low level of zinc is associated with skin disorders.